Humane Transport / Animal Welfare
Protecting animal welfare in Canada is a shared responsibility between governments (federal, provincial and territorial), and industry (producers, transporters and staff in registered slaughter establishments). Canadian provinces and territories have the primary responsibility for protecting the welfare of animals, including farm animals.
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is responsible for the welfare of animals during transport, as specified in the requirements of the Health of Animal Regulations, which governs the humane transportation of animals in Canada.
- Compromised Animal Policy
- Government Releases Proposed Amendments to Regulations on Humane Transportation of Animals
- Horse Transport
- Livestock Transport Requirements in Canada
- Notice to Industry – Proposed amendments to the Health of Animals Regulations (Humane Transport)
- Transport Information for the General Public
- Transporting animals during hot and humid weather
- Transporting animals during cold weather conditions
Canadian provinces and territories have the primary responsibility for protecting the welfare of animals, including farm animals. All provinces and territories have laws in respect to animal welfare.
The Criminal Code of Canada (Part XI, sections 444,445,446) prohibits anyone from wilfully causing animals to suffer from neglect, pain or injury. The Criminal Code is enforced by police services, provincial and territorial Societies for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and/or provincial and territorial ministries of agriculture.
- Provincial and Territorial Legislation Concerning Farm Animal Welfare
- Humane Handling and Slaughter of Food Animals in Canada
- Meat Hygiene Manual of Procedures (MOP)
If CFIA inspectors encounter suspected cases of animal abuse or neglect that fall outside the CFIA‘s jurisdiction, they forward the necessary information to the appropriate animal welfare authorities.
Codes of Practice for the Care and Handling of Farm Animals
The Codes of Practice are nationally developed guidelines for the care and handling of farm animals. Canada’s code development process is led by the National Farm Animal Care Council
Putting preventive measures in place to keep animals healthy has been a long-standing and successful practice on Canadian farms. Biosecurity planning helps to ensure that practices routinely carried out on your farm are beneficial to animal health.
National biosecurity standards
The CFIA develops national biosecurity standards, protocols and strategies designed to protect animal resources in collaboration with producer organizations, provincial/territorial governments, and academia.
General biosecurity measures for producers and veterinarians
- Assess your biosecurity practices
- Biosecurity for veterinarians
- Monitor your animals
- See something? Say something – Reporting animal diseases
- Biosecurity brochures and videos
- Biosecurity Information for the General Public
- Strengthen On-Farm Biosecurity During Wild Bird Migration